In news, you have heard that the Taliban is capturing more and more land of Afghanistan with each passing day. US intelligence recently issued a statement that the Taliban will capture Kabul the capital of Afghanistan within the next 60 days. How is the Taliban managing to do that? where is the 325,000 military personnel of Afghanistan? what actually went wrong with Afghan security forces?
Breakdown of Afghan Military:
According to global firepower, the Afghanistan military is the 75th most powerful military in the world. this means its military is more powerful than the military of New Zealand, Armenia, Ireland, Bahrain, Qatar, etc. Afghanistan’s military has a defense budget of $4 billion. The breakdown of the Afghan military is as follows.
Total military personnel: 325,000
Active personnel: 175,000
Reserve personnel: 0
Armored Vehicles: 1,065
Towed Artillery: 120
Rocket projectors: 25
The US and its allies have spent billions of dollars to equip, arm, and train Afghanistan’s Army, Air Force, Special Forces commandos, and police. Since 2001, when it launched an invasion in response to the 9/11 attacks, the United States has spent about $83 billion on Afghanistan’s defense sector alone. So far this year, NATO has given about $70 million in supplies to Afghanistan’s military forces, including medical equipment and body armor.
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The United States has worked hard in producing well-trained soldiers in Afghanistan, but they failed. The government of Afghanistan is more corrupt than you think. Commanders often stole funds intended for their troops, sold weapons on the black market, and lied about the size of their forces. The soldiers of the Afghan army are depriving of basic needs.
What actually went wrong with Afghan security forces?
Another reason is that they don’t have effective leadership. Afghan forces are managed by civil leadership rather than the military. even the military generals who are on the top posts are nothing more than a puppet of United States military. US military presence in Afghanistan put the Afghanistan forces in negligence. They relied on the US forces and neglected their own growth. The 20 years of war in Afghanistan made the Afghan army so dependant on the US army that they cannot even think of fighting without them. US forces leaving Afghanistan is not more than a nightmare for Afghan forces. Now, this is actually happening. Afghan forces don’t know what to do next, how to deal with the Taliban.
There is another opinion that Afghan forces have lack of will to fight. this is because they are fighting against their own brothers. In some areas, it can be seen that Afghan forces actually surrender themselves as the Taliban consolidate. They don’t want to shed the blood of their own Muslim brothers. A whole Afghan army corps surrendered to Taliban insurgents after holding out for days at a military facility on the outskirts of Kunduz, handing over precious equipment, much of it American.
We don’t know are they really doing this not to shed the blood of their brother or to save their own life. Afghan forces know that the Taliban is way stronger than them. one way or another they will be able to capture Kabul and establish the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. Instead of turning against them and starting a civil war in the country, the soldiers are embracing the Taliban to rule over the land they had to protect. they know that the future of Afghanistan whether good or bad is in the hands of the Taliban.
Till now Taliban has been able to capture more than 65% of the area of Afghanistan. Taliban has captured almost all the major cities of Afghanistan. Only three major Afghan cities — the capital, Kabul, Jalalabad, and Mazar-i-Sharif — remain under government control, and one is under siege by the Taliban.