The Uncertain Future Of Afghan Refugees is around the corner after Taliban Takeover in 2021. The takeover of the Taliban faction and withdrawal of US military forces have left Afghan’s vulnerable. Another issue that needs some serious attention is Afghan refugees. Millions of people have become homeless due to the chaotic situation and instability in the country, waiting on borders of the neighboring countries to pass through.
However, the Taliban do not want the people of Afghan to leave their country or settle in other countries. They have blocked the exit points of the country which are connected with neighboring countries. Only people with the proper travel documents or traders are allowed to pass through.
The question now is that where will these refugees from Afghanistan settle?
Europe had already started to fear the refugee crisis, Turkey, on one hand, denied straightaway to accept the Afghan refugees, and Pakistan on other hand already countless refugees settled there.
As per the reports, there are about a 3.5million people who are waiting at the borders (stopped by the Taliban).
Facts and figures of Afghan refugees
Last year, the number of Afghan refugees and asylum seekers in neighboring Pakistan and Iran was the largest.
According to UNHCR data, about 1.5 million people fled to Pakistan in 2020, while 780,000 people sought refuge in Iran.
Afghans have also had to experience a severe drought and food shortages across the country this year. According to a UN World Food Programme report released in June, 14 million people, or more than a third of the population, are hungry.
Even before the Taliban takeover about 550,000 people had already been forced to flew out of the country due to the fighting and chaos, as per the UNHCR reports.
Since 14 August, the US and its allies have flown more than 30,000 individuals out of Kabul, though it’s unclear how many were Afghan nationals.
Latest reports suggest
There are currently 3.5 million Afghans internally displaced within the country.
Thousands of Afghans are alleged to have fled into Pakistan shortly after the Taliban seized control of Kabul, while 1,500 Afghans are estimated to have gone into Uzbekistan and are camped near the border.
Thousands of Afghans have been flocking to Kabul’s international airport, which is presently the countries only working airport, in a desperate bid to evacuate.
Troubled by the immigration crisis triggered by the Syrian war in 2015, European leaders are eager to prevent another large-scale influx of refugees and migrants into Afghanistan.
In addition to those who assisted Western troops in the two-year war in Afghanistan, the message to Afghans considering fleeing to Europe is: If you must go, go to a neighboring country, but don’t come here.
Countries that have agreed to accept the Afghan refugees
Pak has so far stated that they will seal its border as 1.5m refugees from Afghanistan are already residing in Pakistan, but after the takeover of the Taliban, Pakistan has allowed the Afghans to cross the border.
As per the reports, it’s been told that the Iranian authorities have set up the refugee camps for the people coming over there in three provinces whose borders are linked to Afghanistan.
As far as the US is concerned, they agreed to only accept those Afghan’s who had worked with their government in the past and present. According to reports, these Afghans will be temporarily accommodated in Albania, Kosovo, or North Macedonia.
UK government has stated that they will accept up to 20 thousand refugees from Afghanistan among which the top priority will be those facing persecution, women, and children.
India’s priority at the moment is to help Hindus and Sikhs who wish to immigrate to the country. It has launched a new e-visa category, which is currently valid for six months.
20 thousand refugees from Afghanistan have already fled to Canada. Canadian authorities have played their part.
The German government has decided to take 10 thousand Afghan refugees who are at higher risks.
Uganda has also agreed to accommodate 2000 refugees coming from Afghanistan
The government of Australia plans to provide at least 3,000 visas to Afghan refugees. Prime Minister Scott Morrison has clearly stated that thousands of Afghans will not be allowed to enter the nation. “I’ve noticed that some people are talking about 20,000 people, but I can assure you that there are no concrete preparations in place. Australia will not enter that territory “he stated
Tajikistan has agreed to take up to 1lakh Afghan people.
Countries that denied accepting the Afghan refugees
The European block, countries such as Turkey, Austria, Russia, and France have denied accepting the Afghan Refugees as they fear terrorism and to maintain internal stability.
President Erdogan has clearly stated that they will not be accepting the Afghan refugees and will not take be taking any load of Europe. The Turkish government is reinforcing its security on the border with Iran to avoid any Afghan refugees fleeing to Turkey.
Russia denied stating that they fear that the refugees might be the Afghan militants under the cover of refugees. “We do not want any Afghan militants.”
Leader of France Emmanuel Macron argued that they will protect the civilians of Afghan who are in danger but at that same time they need to protect themselves and Europe from the terrorism which had permeated the instability throughout the world.
Austria’s government has stated that it will not welcome asylum seekers escaping the Taliban’s takeover of Afghanistan, instead of focusing on local assistance.
According to extracts from an interview published by broadcaster Puls 24, Chancellor Sebastian Kurz stated, “I am clearly against voluntarily welcoming additional migrants.” “On my watch, that won’t happen.”
The government of Switzerland has also denied accepting refugees from Afghan. They stated “they do not large groups of Afghans coming in here.
Fear of Terrorism
Amid these chaotic situations, the countries denying accepting the Afghan refugees have clearly stated that they fear terrorism. They fear that under the tag of refugees these people might be the Afghan militants. Activities that the Taliban faction has carried over the years have made the countries think twice or thrice before taking any decision regarding Afghanistan or Afghan’s.
Even the countries which are accepting the Afghan’s will have the proper plans; they also fear the terrorism and the instability, chaos which Afghan militants could spread on their soil.
The Statement of the US that they will accept only those, who have worked with their government, has made the other countries think that if the USA is not accepting, then why should they?