India and Pakistan are rivals since the partition of British India in 1947. The major conflict between the two countries is of Kashmir a land which the British left undivided. Both countries claim their right to Kashmir. There is no definite border between Indian and Pakistani Kashmir. rather a Line of Control is established between the two nations’ controlled territories. since their independence, the two countries have fought three major wars, as well as one undeclared war, and have been involved in numerous armed skirmishes and military standoffs.
Both the countries are equipped with nuclear power. A nuclear war between the countries can affect the whole world. In this video, we will compare the military strength of both countries.
Area and Population
The Population of India is 1.36 billion and the total area is 3,2287,590 km square. the population of Pakistan is 216 million and the total area is 796,095 km square. The population of India is 7 times greater than Pakistan. This means to preserve a large amount of land and protect such a big population India needs a huge army. contrary to that a smaller army will work for Pakistan.
The number of active persons in the Indian army is 2,140,000 and the number of reserved persons in the Indian army is 1,155,000. this makes a total of 3,295,000. by dividing it with the population of India we come to know that, out of a million people in India, 2500 is serving the military.
In Pakistan the number of active persons in the army is
653,800 and the number of reserve persons is 513,000. the total become 1,026,000. again by dividing with the population, we came to know that out of million people, 4800 is serving the military which is considerably higher than in India. Even with a smaller population, Pakistan is able to recruit a good number of people to its army.
Indian Airforce has a total of 2,261 aircraft, out of which 542 are fighter jets. on the other hand, the total number of aircraft in the Pakistan airforce is 1,364 with 347 fighter jets.
With 127,200 personnel and 542 combat aircraft, India’s air force is substantially larger but there are concerns about its fighter jet fleet.
India’s defense plans require 42 squadrons of jets, about 750 aircraft, to defend against a two-pronged attack from China and Pakistan.
With older Russian jets like the MiG-21, first used in the 1960s, retiring soon, India could have 22 squadrons by 2032, officials say
Pakistan has 425 combat aircraft, including the Chinese-origin F-7PG and American F-16 Fighting Falcon jets. It also has seven airborne early warning and control aircraft, three more than India. Pakistan is also developing its own fighter jet JF 17 thunder with assistance from China. Pakistan is also selling indigenous-made JF 17 to Myanmar and the Nigerian Airforce. Indian Airforce is in the process of developing its own aircraft Tejas, which will soon be available to the Indian Airforce.
Indian airforce consists of 775 helicopters including 37 attack helicopters. Pakistan Airforce consists of 331 helicopters out of which 53 are attack helicopters. It is the only airforce to own 4 out of 6 world’s top attack helicopters. these include AH 1z wiper, Mi-35M, and T129.
Indian navy clearly knocks Pakistan’s navy. India’s navy consists of one aircraft carrier, 16 submarines, 14 destroyers, 13 frigates, 106 patrol and coastal combatant vessels, and 75 combat-capable aircraft.
It has 67,700 personnel, including marines and naval aviation staff.
Pakistan, which has a significantly smaller coastline, has 9 frigates, 8 submarines, 17 patrol and coastal vessels, and 8 combat-capable aircraft.
One of the most important factors of any military power is the might of its tanks. Wars in history have taught us the importance of armored tanks. In World War 2, Hitler’s Germany cut through France like a knife through butter, all thanks to its superior Tiger Tanks.
India and Pakistan have also seen the importance of battle tanks in the wars of 1965 and 1971. Indian Army has a total of over 3,500 battle tanks as compared to 2,496 tanks of the Pakistan Army. The main battle tanks of India include Arjun, T 90 BHISHMA, and T 72 Ajeya. Arjun is a third-generation tank indigenously developed tank. Pakistan’s main battle tanks include Al Khalid, Al Zarrar, and T 80UD. Al Khalid is a premiere tank indigenously made for Pakistan Army.
according to Stockholm International Peace Research Institute Pakistan has 140 to 150 nuclear warheads, compared with India’s 130-140 warheads. Both nations have ballistic missiles capable of delivering nuclear weapons.
India has nine types of operational missiles, including the Agni-3 with a range of 3,000km to 5,000km, according to the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) in Washington.
Pakistan’s missile program, built with Chinese assistance, includes mobile short- and medium-range weapons that can reach any part of India, CSIS said. The Shaheen 2 has the longest range, up to 2,000km.