Turkey is the 11th most powerful country in the world. Considering GDP Turkey ranks 17th position in the world.
The most powerful weapon of Turkey is its geographical location. Turkey is located between Asia and Europe and it acts as a gateway between them. For that reason, both America and Russia want Turkey to be on its side. Turkey knows how to take benefits of its location. On the other side, the geographical location of turkey also causes problems for it. Turkey wants to be a part of the European Union. Citizens of all the countries that are part of the European Union can travel across Europe without Visa. Every year flood of people from Asia reaches Turkey in a desire to travel to Europe. They are too many that it becomes difficult for the turkey to manage. For this reason, the European Union is not allowing Turkey to be a part of it.
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Turkey is almost $800 billion in 2019, which ranks it at 17th position in the World. According to GDP per capita, Turkey ranks 45th in the world. The tourism sector of Turkey plays the most important in strengthening its economy. Every year almost 7 million people visit Turkey for tourism. In recent years, Turkey also made great development in its industrial sector. Turkey is a Self-sufficient agricultural country. It does import agriculture-related products at all. Turkey is not an oil-producing country, so it has to import oil.
Despite not being a Nuclear state, Turkey’s military is one of the strongest Armies in the World. By quantity, Turkey’s Military holds 8th position in the world. While the Indian Army is at 4th position, Pakistan is at 13th and China is at 3rd position. Being a member of NATO, no country will directly damage their Army, if they do, they had to fight with NATO. Turkey holds the second-largest military after America in NATO.
Total Personnel: 1,408,075
Active Personnel: 335,000
Reserve Personnel: 380,000
Tank Strength: 3,200
Armed Fighting Vehicles: 9,500
Air Strength: 1,067
Fighter Air Craft: 207
Naval strength 196
Sources: Global Firepower CIA Wikipedia
Turkey also manufactures F-16 with assistance from America. Turkey also bought the S-400 missile system from Russia to strengthen its defence system.
Read more: Turkey vs Israel
Turkey plays an important political role in the Middle East. When Trump recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and establish its embassy there, Erdogan called a meeting of OIC (Organization of Islamic Cooperation). After the meeting, OIC declares Jerusalem as the Capital of Palestine. Erdogan condemns the violent policies of Bashar Ul Assad the President of Syria. Turkish Military Agency train defector of Syrian Army on its land, which emerged as Free Syrian Army. Russia is backing Bashar al-Assad. Turkey allowed many Syrian Refugees to enter its land, but now Turkey wants them to return. For that Turkey wants to create a safe zone in Syria for refugees to return.
The biggest problem for Turkey is its minority Kurds. Kurds are the largest stateless ethnic group in the World. After world war 1, Mustafa Kamal Pasha who was the founder of Modern Turkey decided not to make a special state for Kurds. So Kurdish majority area was divided among Syria, Iran, Iraq, and Turkey.
The area in red shown in the figure is the Kurdish Area which Kurds called “Great Kurdistan”. The majority of Kurds are in the eastern part of Turkey. Kurds from the very first day are demanding and fighting for their separate state, Turkey is dealing them with iron hands. Almost $300 to 400 billion are spent by Turkey to cope up with Kurds. Europe condemns Turkey’s way of dealing with Kurds, which is also the reason the European Union is reluctant to include Turkey in it.
Turkey after 2023:
In 1924, after World war 1 a peace treaty was signed between the Ottoman empire and war Victorious countries, which is known as the treaty of Lausanne. The Treaty of Lausanne defied the borders of modern-day Turkey, it ended the Ottoman caliphate and 40 new countries came into existence after the treaty of Lausanne.
Main points of Treat of Lausanne.· All personal belonging of Caliph was captured and he was sent on exile
- Caliphate system put to an end
- Turkey was declared a Secular state
- Put a ban on Islam and Khilafat
- Put a ban on oil drilling of Turkey
- Bosporus a natural Strait in Turkey is declared as international
The terms of the treaty of Lausanne are for 100 years and will expire in 2023. After 2023 Turkey will enter a new era by drilling its own oil and imposing taxes on ships passing through Bosporus.
Role at the end of times:
Turkey is always of great importance throughout history, especially for Muslims. Our Prophet PBUH predicted the conquest of Constantinople (present-day Istanbul) which is the largest city of Turkey by Muslims.
Prophet Muhammad predicted a conquest of Constantinople at the end of times. There are many Hadiths that mention end time, great battle, and the conquest of Constantinople. Actually, The prophet PBUH mentions the conquest of Constantinople will be peaceful.
‘They will conquer Constantinople with Tasbih and Takbir and will acquire such spoils of war as has never been seen before.’ [Ibn Majah]
The conquest by Sultan Mehmed (al Fatih) was not peaceful at all and involves a lot of bloodsheds, which means there would be another conquest of Constantinople. According to Sheikh Jamir, that conquest will occur after Prophet Isa (a.s) will kill Dajjal.