Historical background of the Battle of Karbala | Yazid ibn Muawiyah vs Hussain | Who killed Hussain?


The battle of Karbala is one of the most important incidents in the history of Islam. The grandson of Prophet Muhammad Muhammad was killed in this battle. The battle took place only 48 years after the death of prophet Muhammad. thousands of the companions of the prophet (The Sahabas) were alive at that time. These companions were willing to sacrifice their life for the Prophet’s family. Where were they when Hussain the grandson of Prophet Muhammad was killed? How could someone kill the prophet’s grandson, when all of his companions were alive? What happened? Why Hussain went to Karbala with his family? Who ordered the killing of Hussain? How it all started? We will look at everything in detail. Video will be in detail, so bear with us.

Watch Video on this topic:

After the death of Prophet Muhammad in 632 CE, Abubakar became the leader of the Muslim empire. After Abubakar, Umar became the new caliph in 634 CE, and then Osman came after Umar in 644 CE. Osman was the third caliph of Muslims. There were allegations on Osman that he appointed his relatives on the prime posts instead of upholding merit. Osman was killed by a rebellious group after a siege to his house.

Historical background of the battle of Karbala
Historical background of the battle of Karbala

After Osman, Ali became the fourth caliph of the Muslim empire in 656 CE. Ali was the cousin and son-in-law of the prophet Muhammad. Unlike the previous three caliphs, Ali shifted the headquarter of the Islamic empire to Kufa. before it was Madinah. It is a wise decision of Ali to shift the headquarter to Kufa, as the Islamic Empire has increased its spread extensively reaching the borders of Afghanistan. Kufa was in the center of the empire contrary to Madinah which is located at the left corner of the Arabian peninsula.

Read more: Sects in Islam Explained

Ali shifted headquarter from Medinah to Kufa
Ali shifted headquarter from Medinah to Kufa
 Ali shifted headquarter from Medinah to Kufa during his reign
Ali shifted headquarter from Medinah to Kufa during his reign

Muawiyah the governor of Syria was the cousin of Caliph Osman. Muawaiyah was appointed the governorship of Syria by Caliph Umar, after the death of his brother. Muwaiyah wanted Ali to take punish Osman’s murderer to death. He said he won’t pledge his allegiance to Ali until the murderers of Caliph Osman are punished. Ali was not able to punish the murderer of Osman at that time. Osman’s murderer had created such a strong monopoly that if Ali punished them, it would be difficult for Ali’s government to sustain.

Ali vs Muwaiyah territory at the Battle of Siffin
Ali vs Muwaiyah territory at the Battle of Siffin

Ali said to muawiyah that it is not the right time to take revenge. He insisted that first, you pledge my allegiance and help me making my government strong, then we will punish the murderer of Osman. Muawiyah refused. Ali’s inability to punish the murderers of Osman and Muawiyah’s refusal to pledge allegiance eventually led Ali to a battle between Ali and Muawiyah known as the battle of Siffin in 657 CE. After that, the matter between Ali and Muawiyah was settled by arbitration. Ali was able to complete his reign until he was murdered in 661 by the same rebellious group that killed Osman.

Ali vs Muwaiyah army at the Battle of Siffin
Ali vs Muwaiyah army at the Battle of Siffin

After the death of Ali, Hassan, The son of Ali, and the grandson of the Prophet became the next caliph of Muslims. Hassan remained caliph for six months only and offered caliphate to muawiyah as he wanted to avoid conflict between Muslims. When Muwaiyah became the caliph, Hassan pledged his allegiance to him. Muawiyah rema ined caliph for 20 years. after the first 10 years, on the advice of his colleagues, muawiyah decided to appoint his successor. In 670 CE, after discussing with the ministers of the government, Muawiyah decided to appoint his son Yazid as his successor. All the companions of the prophet accepted Yazid as the successor of Muawiyah except for the five.


Except these five all the other companions pledge allegiance to Yazid in the life of Muawiyah. These five companions were really important in order to understand the battle of Karbala. The five companions who didn’t pledge allegiance to Yazid were Abdur Rehman Bin Abubakar the son of Abubakar the first caliph of Muslims, Abdullah ibn Umar the son of the second caliph of Muslims, Abdullah ibn abbas the son of Abbas the uncle of Prophet Muhammad, Abdullah ibn Zubair the son of Zubair the cousin of Prophet Muhammad and the last and most important one Hussain ibn Ali, the son of Ali and the grandson of a prophet Muhammad.

Five Companions of Prophet who didn't pledge allegiance to Yazid
Five Companions of Prophet who didn’t pledge allegiance to Yazid

These companions believed that Yazid was not worth of caliphate. Muwaiyah did not force them to pledge allegiance to Yazid in his life. All the life companions had pledged allegiance to muawiyah, so Muwaiyah has no problem with them. Muawiyah died in 680 CE. Among the five companions who didn’t pledge allegiance to Yazid only four left. Abdur Rehman ibn Abu bakar had died. two of the five, Abdullah ibn Abbas and Abdullah ibn Umar decided to pledge allegiance to Yazid to avoid civil war between Muslims. These two companions were seniors and knowledgeable among the four companions who denied the allegiance of Yazid. They knew that Yazid was not worthy of the caliphate, but to avoid chaos among Muslims they pledge allegiance to Yazid.

Abdullah ibn Zubair and Hussain ibn Ali decided to resist the regime of Yazid
Abdullah ibn Zubair and Hussain ibn Ali decided to resist the regime of Yazid

The rest of the two Companions Abdullah ibn Zubair and Hussain ibn Ali decided to resist the regime of Yazid come what may. However, a difference of opinion arose between them. Abdullah ibn Zubair wanted to stay in Madinah and established a resistance movement against Yazid from there. Hussain was receiving a lot of letters from Kufa, that the people of Kufa were willing to pledge his allegiance. Kufa was the headquarter of his father Ali. so his idea was to move to Kufa, and to start a resistance movement from there against Yazid.

For that Hussain sent Muslim bin Aqeel to Kufa to check the status of people there and surprisingly more than 10,000 people pledge allegiance to Hussain. The moment Hussain came to know about this, he prepared to move to Kufa with his family members and his followers. Though the companions of the Prophet including Abdullah ibn Zubair, Abdullah ibn Omar, Hussain insisted on going to Kufa.

Hussain sent Muslim bin Aqeel to Kufa
Hussain sent Muslim bin Aqeel to Kufa

When Yazid came to know about this, he changed the governor and appointed a new governor of Kufa Ibn Ziyad. Ibn Ziyad was an aggressive ruler. Due to the brutality of Ibn Ziyad, the People of Kufa broke the pledge of allegiance to Hussain. Ibn Ziyad even killed Muslim bin Aqeel. Hussain was on his way to Kufa with his family and followers, when he came to know that Muslim bin Aqeel was killed and the People of Kufa broke the pledge. Hussain wanted to go back to Madinah, but the son of Muslim bin Aqeel insisted that we should not go back without taking revenge of my father.

Hussain met the Army of Ibn Ziyad at the ground of Karbala
Hussain met the Army of Ibn Ziyad at the ground of Karbala

Hussain met the Army of Ibn Ziyad at the ground of Karbala. Ibn Ziyad ordered his army to bring Hussain in front of him, and force him to pledge his allegiance. Hussain asked them to escort him to Yazid and said he will deal with Yazid. The people of Kufa were afraid that if Hussain went to Yazid, he will tell Yazid the truth that they were the ones who called Hussain here. So the people who are really responsible for the murder of Hussain were the people of Kufa. When the Army of Ibn Ziyad didn’t allow Hussain to met Yazid, Hussain and his follower has no other choice left other than fight. Then what happened in the battle of Karbala is known to everyone. How the Grandson of Prophet Muhammad and his followers were killed in this battle?


73 thoughts on “Historical background of the Battle of Karbala | Yazid ibn Muawiyah vs Hussain | Who killed Hussain?

  1. Howdy very cool website!! Guy .. Beautiful .. Wonderful .. I will bookmark your blog and take the feeds additionally?
    I’m happy to find numerous helpful info right here in the put up, we need develop extra strategies on this regard, thank you for sharing.

    . . . . .

  2. Great article! This is the kind of information that should be shared around the
    web. Disgrace on the search engines for now not positioning this publish upper!
    Come on over and consult with my site . Thanks =)

  3. With havin so much content do you ever run into any problems of
    plagorism or copyright infringement? My website has a lot of unique content
    I’ve either authored myself or outsourced but it appears a lot of it is popping it up all over the web without
    my permission. Do you know any ways to help prevent content from being stolen? I’d genuinely appreciate

  4. I was suggested this web site by way of my cousin. I’m now not sure whether or not this post is written through him as nobody else
    know such specified approximately my problem. You’re amazing!

  5. Thanks for one’s marvelous posting! I really enjoyed
    reading it, you are a great author. I will
    remember to bookmark your blog and definitely will come back in the future.
    I want to encourage one to continue your great job, have a nice afternoon!

  6. I do not know whether it’s just me or if everybody
    else experiencing issues with your blog. It appears as if some of the written text on your content are running off the screen. Can someone else please provide feedback and let me know if this is happening to them too?
    This may be a issue with my browser because I’ve had this happen before.
    Many thanks

  7. Unquestionably believe that which you stated. Your favorite reason seemed to be
    on the internet the simplest thing to be aware of.

    I say to you, I definitely get irked while people think about worries that they plainly don’t
    know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and
    defined out the whole thing without having side effect , people could take a signal.
    Will likely be back to get more. Thanks

  8. Hey! This is kind of off topic but I need some guidance from
    an established blog. Is it tough to set up your own blog?
    I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty fast.

    I’m thinking about setting up my own but I’m not sure where to begin. Do you have any ideas or suggestions?

  9. Hey! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I could find a
    captcha plugin for my comment form? I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having difficulty finding one?
    Thanks a lot!

  10. Hello! Do you know if they make any plugins to safeguard against hackers?
    I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve worked
    hard on. Any suggestions?

  11. Hello there! This article could not be written any better!

    Reading through this article reminds me of my previous roommate!

    He continually kept talking about this. I most certainly will forward this
    article to him. Fairly certain he’s going to have
    a good read. I appreciate you for sharing!

  12. Hi! Would you mind if I share your blog with my myspace group?

    There’s a lot of folks that I think would really appreciate your content.
    Please let me know. Thank you

  13. Exceptional post however I was wanting to know if you could write a litte more on this
    topic? I’d be very thankful if you could elaborate a little bit further.


  14. whoah this blog is excellent i really like reading your articles.
    Keep up the good work! You realize, many people are searching
    around for this info, you can aid them greatly.

  15. I think the admin of this site is actually working hard in support of his web
    site, for the reason that here every data is quality based material.

  16. It’s a pity you don’t have a donate button! I’d definitely donate to this outstanding blog!
    I guess for now i’ll settle for book-marking and adding your RSS
    feed to my Google account. I look forward to brand new updates and will
    share this site with my Facebook group. Chat soon!

  17. We stumbled over here different website and thought I might check things out.
    I like what I see so now i am following you. Look forward to finding out
    about your web page again.

  18. It’s really a cool and helpful piece of info. I am glad
    that you just shared this helpful info with us. Please stay us informed
    like this. Thank you for sharing.

  19. When I initially left a comment I seem to have clicked on the -Notify
    me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on whenever a comment
    is added I receive 4 emails with the same comment.
    Is there an easy method you are able to remove me from that service?
    Many thanks!

  20. Howdy! I just would like to give you a big thumbs up for your great info you have right here on this post.
    I am returning to your website for more soon.

  21. It’s a pity you don’t have a donate button! I’d definitely
    donate to this outstanding blog! I suppose for now i’ll settle
    for book-marking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account.
    I look forward to fresh updates and will share this website with my Facebook group.
    Chat soon!

  22. Does your website have a contact page? I’m having problems locating it but, I’d
    like to send you an e-mail. I’ve got some recommendations for your blog you might be interested in hearing.
    Either way, great blog and I look forward to seeing it develop over

  23. Hi! I’m at work surfing around your blog from my new apple iphone!

    Just wanted to say I love reading your blog and look forward to all
    your posts! Carry on the fantastic work!

  24. I have been surfing on-line greater than 3 hours as of late, but I by no means found any interesting article like yours.
    It is lovely price enough for me. In my view, if all site owners and bloggers made
    excellent content as you did, the internet can be much more useful than ever before.

  25. һeey there and thank you fߋr youг info – I’ve definitely
    picқed up something new from right here. I did however expertise seveeral technical
    issues using this web site, since I experienced to reload the site a
    lot of ties pregious to I could get itt to loаd correctly.

    I had been w᧐ndering if ylur web host is ОK? Not that I am complaіning, but slow loading instances times
    will very frequently affect y᧐ur placement in google and could damage your quality scоre if aԁss and marketing with Adwords.
    Well I am adding tһis RSS tto my e-mail and could look out foг a lot
    more of your resective intriguing content. Make sure you
    update tһis again ѕoon.

  26. Thanks for one’s marvelous posting! I genuinely enjoyed reading it, you happen to be a great author.I will remember to
    bookmark your blog and may come back later on. I
    want to encourage one to continue your great job, have a nice weekend!

  27. Excellent blog here! Also your web site loads up fast! What host are you
    using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host? I wish my site loaded up as fast as yours lol

  28. Hi just wanted to give you a brief heads up and let you know a few of the pictures aren’t
    loading properly. I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue.
    I’ve tried it in two different browsers and both show the same

  29. An outstanding share! I have just forwarded this onto a coworker who has been doing a little homework on this.
    And he in fact bought me dinner because I stumbled upon it for him…

    lol. So let me reword this…. Thank YOU for
    the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending time to talk about this matter here on your internet site.

  30. Having read this I believed it was rather enlightening.
    I appreciate you taking the time and effort to put this content together.

    I once again find myself spending a significant amount of time both reading and commenting.
    But so what, it was still worth it!

  31. Wow that was odd. I just wrote an very long comment but after I clicked submit
    my comment didn’t appear. Grrrr… well I’m not writing all
    that over again. Anyways, just wanted to say fantastic blog!

  32. I blog quite often and I seriously thank you for your content.
    This article has truly peaked my interest. I will bookmark your website and keep checking for new information about once per week.
    I opted in for your RSS feed too.

  33. Hey! I know this is sort of off-topic but I had to ask.

    Does running a well-established website such as yours take
    a large amount of work? I am completely new
    to writing a blog but I do write in my diary on a daily basis.

    I’d like to start a blog so I can easily share my own experience and feelings online.

    Please let me know if you have any kind of recommendations or tips for brand new aspiring bloggers.

  34. Hello to every body, it’s my first visit of this website; this web
    site contains remarkable and truly excellent stuff in favor of readers.

  35. I was wondering if you ever thought of changing the page layout of your site?
    Its very well written; I love what youve got to say.

    But maybe you could a little more in the way of content
    so people could connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only having
    1 or two images. Maybe you could space it out better?

  36. Hello! Quick question that’s entirely off topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly?
    My site looks weird when browsing from my apple iphone.
    I’m trying to find a template or plugin that might be able to resolve this
    problem. If you have any recommendations, please share.

  37. It’s amazing to go to see this web page and reading the views of all colleagues
    regarding this paragraph, while I am also keen of getting experience.

  38. hello!,I love your writing so a lot! percentage we keep in touch extra about your article
    on AOL? I need an expert on this house to solve my problem.
    Maybe that is you! Looking ahead to see you.

  39. You actually make it appear really easy along with your presentation however
    I in finding this matter to be really one thing that I feel I
    might never understand. It kind of feels too complicated and
    very wide for me. I’m taking a look ahead to your next submit, I will attempt to get
    the cling of it!

  40. Admiring the dedication you put into your site and
    detailed information you offer. It’s awesome to come
    across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same outdated rehashed material.
    Fantastic read! I’ve bookmarked your site and I’m adding your RSS
    feeds to my Google account.

  41. Its like you learn my thoughts! You appear to know so much approximately
    this, like you wrote the ebook in it or something.
    I feel that you just can do with a few percent to force the message house a little bit, however instead
    of that, that is magnificent blog. An excellent read. I’ll certainly
    be back.

  42. Thanks for finally writing about > Historical background of the Battle of Karbala |
    Yazid ibn Muawiyah vs Hussain | Who killed Hussain? – Nazuk Surat e Haal < Loved it!

  43. Pingback: Homepage

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.