Have you ever wonder how the most notorious dictator in history got into immense power? How did he brainwash millions of people to blindly follow him? During world war 1 Adolf Hitler was an ordinary soldier. within a period of almost 15 years, Hitler became the Fuhrer and Chancellor of Germany. How did he manage to do that?
The Greek philosopher Aristotle said that people can be persuaded by three modes. Ethos, Logos, and Pathos. Ethos is a way of persuading by authority or credibility. For instance, if one wants to sell a book, to convince his customer he would say that this book is recommended by the professors of oxford. Logos is convincing by logical reasoning. Now the seller would say Buy this book because it covers your entire syllabus. Pathos is a way of convincing using emotions. Be proud of Buying this book as this is written by your country’s author.
A dictator won’t use Logos to convince his audience, because if the public uses logic, they won’t elect a dictator. So dictators rely on pathos that is emotions to get votes.
The first strategy of Hitler is to kill logic and use emotions to get votes.
“Vote for me if you respect your soldier, Vote for me if you love your country.”Adolf Hitler
By giving such statements Hitler actually used the emotions of the public to get votes. the statement may look weird to you, but this is how Hitler associated patriotism with himself. if a person wants to truly become a dictator, he has to eradicate logic. on 10th May 1933, more than 25,000 books were burnt by the Nazi party officials. they called these books “Un german” or anti-national.
All types of books that the Nazi party believed against their ideology were burnt down in bonfire events. Fake research papers were printed, which stated that the Germans were of a superior race and that their blood was pure. Universities were tightly under the control of the Nazi party, to the extent that the senior university professors were appointed by the nazi officials. Professors were forced to promote Nazi ideology to students. Those professors who failed in this were expelled from universities. Even the world-renowned scientist Einstien lost his job and escaped to the US, as he clearly criticized the ideology of the Nazi party.
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Another strategy Hitler used to gain support from the public was to turn people against Jews, and then present himself as a hero who will save Germany from Jews.
Hitler blamed Jews for their loss in world war 1. Nazi party spread the news through its media that jews are the internal enemy of the state. such Posters were printed which shows how Jews were responsible for Germany losing in world war 1 and the economy crashing. All the media was under the control of Hitler. People did not have any other source of information except for Hitler’s media so they believed in it. Another reason why people believed in Hitler’s propaganda is that the economic condition of Germany was bad. Unemployment, Inflation, and poverty were increasing so the people started believing these things.
Once Hitler had made the mind of people that Jews are their enemy and are responsible for the bad economic condition of Germany.. he presented himself as a hero who would be the savior to save the country. A book was written on the life of Hitler on which he was compared to Jesus as a messiah who will save Germany.
On January 30, 1941, Hitler said in a speech.
“Today I will once more be a prophet. If the international Jewish financiers in and outside Europe should succeed in plunging nations once more into a world war, then the result will not be the bolshevization of the earth and this the victory of Jewry, but the annihilation of the Jewish race in Europe!”
All the renowned German companies used to fund Hitler. These companies include Volkswagen, BMW, Kodak, Nestle, IBM, ford, Fanta, etc.
Furthermore, many business leaders at the time were sympathetic to Nazi ideology and even collaborated with the Nazi government for ideological reasons. Other businesses simply saw a chance to make a profit, ideology aside.
Whatever their motivations, some of these Nazi collaborators provided materials that even helped to organize or carry out the Holocaust itself, while other Nazi collaborators used the slave labor from concentration camps to build their products. Some companies just supplied the Nazi populace and troops during wartime.