TALIBAN RULE 1996 TO 2001: The Taliban ruled over about three-quarters of Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001, enforcing a strict interpretation of Sharia, or Islamic law.
What Are Taliban’s? (Early Day’s)
In the early 1990s, a Sunni Islamist nationalist and pro-Pashtun movement were founded which is called as Taliban.
This group basically comprised of the people like peasant farmers, and men studying in religious schools, madrassas mostly from Afghanistan and Pakistan. This group was quite well trained and well equipped in order to defeat the Soviets in Afghanistan who had also desired to rule the Afghan lands.
The Taliban’s made the promise to the Pashtun areas which included Afghanistan and some of Afghanistan as well that they wanted to restore and ensure peace and spread their version of the law i.e. Islamic Law.
Later, this group named as Taliban turned out to be the world’s most deadly group. Their rule in Afghanistan started in 1996.
Rise of Taliban’s
By 1994 Taliban had found its way to be an independent entity that had started capturing different areas of Afghanistan (especially the southern areas).
As the rise of the Taliban had already started in the regional province of Herat was also captured by them in 1995 which had a nexus with Iran borders too.
Taliban had successfully taken the control of Kabul in 1996 after killing and overthrowing the regime of Burhanuddin Rabbani (who is known to be the founding father of Afghan mujahideen) the President of Afghanistan who was ruling at that time.
What they showcased to the world was that they want to interpret the Islamic way of version in the country. They argued that their lands must be ruled on the basis of Islamic and sharia law instead of being westernized. In 1996, the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan was established.
From 1998 Taliban became extremely powerful; they had control of almost the 90% of Afghanistan.
In 1999 UN formed a Taliban sanctions committee which imposed the sanctions on the Taliban’s and Al-Qaeda’s travel, funding, and arms shipments. Osama Bin Laden was also put on the black list all over the world (known as the most wanted man).
Afghan under Taliban rule
Taliban’s (mujahedeen’s) got the popularity after defeating the Soviets successfully with external support. The driving force behind their early popularity was that they had at some extent eradicated the corruption, lawlessness had also been taken into control under the Taliban’s rule, new roads had been built in the areas which were under their control, commerce started to flourish safely as well.
But the mistake they had been doing repeatedly was the serious abuse of Human rights which had caught the attention of the international community, the system which they had introduced of interpreting the sharia law strictly. In which the freedom of the people had been curbed.
Public execution was made for the murderers, adulterers. For the thief amputation was done. Men were forced to grow beards and for women, it was necessary to wear long clothes covering their body, use of hijab, and (Burka).
The predicament of the oppression was such that even televisions, music, and cinema were banned (people were no more allowed to make use of these things). Girls were not allowed to go the school at all. One of the eye-catching examples of the serious abuse of Human rights which the Taliban had created was the destruction of the Bamiyan Buddha famous statues in Afghanistan despite the international outrage, it was done in 2001.
At that time in retrospect when the Taliban had almost complete control over the Afghans, three countries recognized them which were Pakistan, UAE, along Saudi Arabia.
During their rule from 96 to 2001 Taliban had completely prohibited the women and girl’s involvement with education, the access to healthcare which is the fundamental right of every citizen as per the Human rights and rule of law had also been restricted.
Al-Qaeda and Osama Bin Laden
The international community was quiet with no actions against the heinous rule of the Taliban until the attack on the world trade center in New York on September 11, 2001, which was executed by Osama Bin Ladin and his al-Qaeda movement. After this attack, the US came became extremely furious with the Taliban’s and they came into action with the aim to dislodge the Taliban from Afghanistan in order to prevent them from using those safe heavens for launching the attacks on countries and spreading terrorism in the region.
After the attack on the US in 2001, the US-Led military coalition had started to launch the attacks on the Taliban to dislodge their regime. Leaders of the Taliban’s like Mullah Omar and Osama Bin Laden were the main targets as they were called the masterminds of Al-Qaeda behind executing such attacks.
Dislodging the Taliban’s / Arrival of US and Foreign Troops
The war against the Taliban began in 2001 after the attack harbored by the Taliban government of which the masterminds were Osama Bin Laden and Mullah Omar. President George. Bush after the 9/11 attack signing into authorizing the use of force against those responsible for the 9/11 attack
The US got succeeded with their allies in dislodging or interrupting the regime of the Taliban’s in 2001 but gradually with time Taliban had regained the influence in Afghanistan despite their top leadership like Mullah Omar and Osama Bin Ladin was absconded after the arrival of US forces and increase in foreign troops in Afghanistan since 2001.
After the dislodgement of the Taliban’s government and the fall of Kabul US and UN invited the factions in Afghanistan to the conference in Bonn Germany. An agreement was signed under the United Nations which was about the international peacekeeping force maintaining the security and peace in Kabul.
Afghans and Taliban’s at the Present
After the US forces backing out from the region (the government of the US calling their Men back home), there are higher chances of Chaos may begin again in the region. The backing out of US forces from Afghanistan is bringing back the Taliban rule again in the country. People fear that Afghanistan will once again experience the harsh version of Islamic rule which was implemented by the Taliban from 1996 to 2001.
As per the reports and statistics, the Taliban’s group is said to be stronger than they were back in 1996 to 2001 with having 85000 full-time fighters.
The hopes and dreams of the modern, democratic, and independent Afghanistan are once again in a state of moribund. Endeavors of the two decades of Afghanistan had turned out to be futile once again.